PRINCIPLES - how to organize elements.
Forms the shape of an image.
Qualities - long, short, straight, curved, thick, thin.
Horizontal - rest.
Vertical - stoic.
Diagonal - movement.
SHAPE or FORM
Define specific areas of space.
Two-dimenstional shape has width and height.
Three-dimensional shape has width, heigh and depth.
Natural or Organic Shape - found in nature, irregular and fluid.
Geometric shape - structured off of symmetry.
Abstract Shape - stylized or over simplified version of natural shapes.
|Artist unknown. Please e-mail if you are the artist so I can credit your work. thanks, Laura|
Positive Space - occupied with elements.
Negative Space - unoccupied, the space around elements.
|Swash London, Hyeres Festival|
|Do Ho So|
Actual Texture - sensation felt with sense of touch
Implied Texture - an illusion, touching does not produce a physical sensation
can create a feeling of richness and depth.
|Adeline de Monseignat|
The degree of light and dark.
Contrast between white and black and in-between.
Creates depth and perception, spatial illusion (tone).
Convey mood, attract attention, define objects, can be applied to any other element.
|Jizo Statues, Diaya River, Japan|
EMPHASIS or FOCAL POINT
An area of focus
Components are harmonious, sense of completion.
Symmetrical and Asymmetrical
Scale - relating size to a constant, such as the human body
Proportion - size relationship of parts to a whole
Suggestion of motion.
The repetition or reoccurrence of a design element, exact or varied.